Selective Control of Eurasian Watermilfoil and Curlyleaf Pondweed in Noxon Rapids Reservoir, Montana: Herbicide Small-Plot Evaluations, 2010-2011.

Noxon Rapids Reservoir, Montana, is one of several large impoundments on the Lower Clark Fork River, stretching for over 48 km (30 miles) with a surface area of approximately 3,120 ha (7,700 acres). Management strategies were evaluated for their effectiveness in controlling invasive plant problems in the reservoir, specifically with Eurasian watermilfoil and curlyleaf pond- weed. A 3-year field program was developed to evaluate the effectiveness of aquatic herbicides to selectively control the invasive plants. The herbicide endothall (Aquathol K) was applied to four plots totaling 5.5 ha (13.6 acres) at 3000 g ai/L (3 ppm); diquat (Reward ) was applied to four plots totaling 3.3 ha (8.1 acres) at 370 g ai/L (0.37 ppm); and a combination of both products was applied to four plots totaling 4.7 ha (11.5 acres), with endothall at 1500 g ai/L (1.5 ppm) and diquat at 190 g ai/L (0.19 ppm). Herbicides were applied by boat using a variable-depth injection system. Aqueous herbicide dissipation was monitored in selected plots. Bulk water exchange processes were also measured. Quantitative surveys were conducted in each plot to assess the plant community at pretreatment, and at 6 weeks and 52 weeks post treatment.
Personal Author Getsinger, K. D.; Skogerboe, J. G.; Wersal, R. M.; Madsen, J. D.; Nawrocki, J. J.
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Evaluation of Innate Immune Biomarkers in Saliva for Diagnostic Potential of Bacterial and Viral Respiratory Infection

ntisPersonal Author Burdette, A. J.; Alvarez, R.
Military group housing, training facilities, and operational theatres, combined with high stress, presents unique environments for dissemination and propagation of transmitting bacterial and viral infections. While often associated with mild illness, severe disease may occur with significant morbidity, leading to a detrimental impact on training schedules and operational readiness. Current diagnosis and monitoring of infections require invasive procedures by skilled technicians, including repeated blood draws, making it difficult for in-theatre care. Therefore, there remains a critical need for a rapid, sensitive assay for detection and diagnosis of microbial infections in our warfighters, both in garrison and in theatre. The objective of this study was to explore the presence of innate immune biomarkers in saliva associated with bacterial and viral respiratory infections, as compared to markers present in serum samples. A panel of 28 cytokines and chemokines in saliva and serum obtained from 38 healthy subjects and 19 bacterially infected or virally infected individuals were analyzed via bio-plex analysis. A unique set of innate immune biomarkers identified in saliva from infected patients allowing for differentiation between bacterial and viral infections. Continued study may lead to improved prognosis, treatment and an overall decrease in the use of antibiotics.
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Process Tolerant Single Photolithography/Implantation 120-Zone Junction Termination Extension. ADA579578

The multiple-zone junction termination extension (MJTE) is a widely used SiC edge termination technique that reduces sensitivity to implantation dose variations. It is typically implemented in multiple lithography and implantation events. To reduce process complexity, cycle time, and cost, a single photolithography/implantation (P/I) MJTE technique was developed and diodes with 3-zone and 120-zone JTEs were fabricated on the same wafer. Here, the process tolerance of the single (P/I) MJTE technique is evaluated by performing CCD monitored blocking voltage measurements on diodes from the same wafer with the 3-zone and 120-zone single (P/I) JTE. The 3-zone JTE diodes exhibited catastrophic localized avalanches at the interface between the 2nd and 3rd zones due to abrupt zone transitions. Diodes with the smooth transitioning 120-zone JTE exhibited no CCD detectable avalanches in their JTE regions up to the testing limit of 12 kV. Under thick dielectric (deposited for on-wafer diode interconnection), diodes with the single P/I 3-zone JTE failed due to significant loss of high-voltage capability, while their 120-zone JTE diode counterparts were minimally affected. Overall, the single (P/I) 120-zone JTE provides a processtolerant and robust single P/I edge termination at no additional fabrication labor.
Personal Author Veliadis, V.; Snook, M.; Hearne, H.; Nechay, B.; Woodruff, S. For more info please contact NTIS 800-553-6847 Mon – Fri 8am – 5pm est